Pennsylvania

Comparative analysis of funding, student demographics and achievement data.

Pennsylvania is comprised of 502 school districts that serve 1,677,515 students.

Search over 13,776 districts.
Funding2008 - 201220082009201020112012
About
Per Pupil Expenditure (K-12)
National average

Per-Pupil Expenditure: Average per-pupil expenditure equals the total amount of revenue paid out by school systems in the state divided by K-12 total enrollment. It includes funds from federal, state, and local sources spent on day to day operating expenses, such as teacher salaries. It does not include capital expenses, such as school construction. From the Common Core of Data at the National Center for Education Statistics.

11741122991484900
1029710591000
$11,741
$10,297
$12,299
$10,591
$14,849
About
School Finance Inequity Among Districts (% of Per-Pupil Spending)

School Finance Inequity: School finance inequity reflects the average percentage difference in per-pupil spending among school districts across a given state according to a definition contained in Title I of the No Child Left Behind Act. The per-pupil expenditure for every school district is compared to the average per-pupil expenditure for the state and weighted according to size and poverty level.

0.1830.1830.17820.17320.1676
00000
18.3%
18.3%
17.8%
17.3%
16.8%
About
School Finance Inequity Among Districts (Per-Pupil Dollars)

School Finance Inequity: School finance inequity reflects the average dollar difference in per-pupil spending among school districts across a given state according to a definition contained in Title I of the No Child Left Behind Act. The per-pupil expenditure for every school district is compared to the average per-pupil expenditure for the state and weighted according to size and poverty level.

21492251264600
00000
$2,149
$2,251
$2,646
About
Federal Revenue Per Pupil

Federal Revenue Per Pupil: Federal revenues per student are federal revenues divided by the fall enrollment as reported in the state finance file. These data are from the CCD National Public Education Financial Survey. From the Common Core of Data at the National Center for Education Statistics.

9961052161700
00000
$996
$1,052
$1,617
About
State Revenue per Pupil

Average revenue received by each school district from the state divided by total state fall enrollment. From the Common Core of Data at the National Center for Education Statistics.

50635589529500
00000
$5,063
$5,589
$5,295
About
Title I

Title I: Title I of the No Child Left Behind Act authorizes direct aid from the federal government to states and school districts to support the additional education needs of children from low-income families. Data for 2011 and 2012 represent estimates based on final appropriations bills. From U.S. Department of Education Budget Tables.

565517553576937709576550386545519039564977388
00000
$565,517,553
$576,937,709
$576,550,386
$545,519,039
$564,977,388
About
Title I Stimulus Estimated

Title I: Title I of the No Child Left Behind Act authorizes direct aid from the federal government to states and school districts to support the additional education needs of children from low-income families. Funds became available in FY 2009 and must be spent by the end of FY 2011. From U.S. Department of Education Budget Tables.

0400603678000
00000
$400,603,678
About
Title II

Title II: Under Title II of the No Child Left Behind Act the federal government provides grant aid to states for Improving Teacher Quality State Grants. The funds are provided via a formula specified in the law. The program is meant to increase the number of highly qualified teachers and principals, and improve teacher effectiveness. From U.S. Department of Education Budget Tables.

1122290661119682111123506189563233395579341
00000
$112,229,066
$111,968,211
$112,350,618
$95,632,333
$95,579,341
About
IDEA PART B

IDEA: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) authorizes direct aid from the federal government to states and school districts to support the additional education needs of children with disabilities. Data for 2011 and 2012 represent estimates based on final appropriations bills. From U.S. Department of Education Budget Tables.

405950138424562436424187349422715133426427814
00000
$405,950,138
$424,562,436
$424,187,349
$422,715,133
$426,427,814
About
IDEA Part B Stimulus Estimated

IDEA: The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) authorizes direct aid from the federal government to states and school districts to support the additional education needs of children with disabilities. Funds became available in FY 2009 and must be spent by the end of FY 2011. From U.S. Department of Education Budget Tables.

0427178222000
00000
$427,178,222
About
State Fiscal Stabilization Fund Estimated

State Fiscal Stabilization Fund: The SFSF provides funds to states to fill in budget gaps between and or funding levels. Funds can be used for pre-K-16 purposes as well as government services. Funds became available in FY 2009 and must be spent by the end of FY 2011. From U.S. Department of Education Budget Tables.

01910000000000
00000
$1,910,000,000
About
Total Estimated Stimulus Funds

Total Estimated Stimulus Funds: This represents the total amount of money each state is expected to receive in stimulus funding including Title I, IDEA, SFSF and other programs. Funds became available in FY 2009 and must be spent by the end of FY 2011. From U.S. Department of Education Budget Tables.

02820000000000
00000
$2,820,000,000
About
Education Jobs Fund Allocation

Total Education Jobs Fund Allocation. Fund must be used to support K-12 employment related expenses like salaries and benefits. Funds became available in FY 2010 and must be spent by the end of FY 2012. From U.S. Department of Education Budget Tables.

0038781566100
00000
$387,815,661
About
Impact Aid

Impact Aid Basic Support Payments: Title VIII of the No Child Left Behind Act authorizes direct aid from the federal government to school districts that educate large numbers of "federally connected" children or have been impacted by the lost property tax revenue on federal lands (i.e. military bases or Native American reservations). Data for 2011 and 2012 represent estimates based on final appropriations bills. From U.S. Department of Education Budget Tables.

11884671519156757602767102861283
00000
$1,188,467
$1,519,156
$757,602
$767,102
$861,283
About
Federal School Meal Funding

Federal School Meal Funding: The National School Lunch Act authorizes the distribution of federal funds to states and school districts to provide nutritious lunches, breakfasts and snacks to low income students free or at reduced prices. This number represents the amount of money each state received for school meals. From U.S. Department of Agriculture Budget Tables.

3069929143254986083595759583709099990
00000
$306,992,914
$325,498,608
$359,575,958
$370,909,999
About
Federal School Commodities Funding

Federal School Commodities Funding: The Department of Agriculture provides funds for states to distribute commodity foods to students eligible for free or reduced priced lunch. This number represents the amount of money each state received for commodities. From U.S. Department of Agriculture Budget Tables.

419233454638993042069599448240440
00000
$41,923,345
$46,389,930
$42,069,599
$44,824,044
Pre-Kindergarten2008 - 201220082009201020112012
About
State-Funded Pre-K Enrollment

Total enrollment of children in state-funded pre-K program(s). Includes enrollment in programs administered by school districts and community-based organizations. Depending on state regulations, enrollment may include children at age 3 in addition to age 4 and may reflect either full-day or half-day programming. From the National Institute for Early Education Research's annual yearbook on preschool programs.

2393731509320433303728790
00000
23,937
31,509
32,043
33,037
28,790
About
State-Funded Pre-K Funding

Total state funding for state-funded pre-K program(s). Includes funding for programs administered by school districts and community-based organizations. May include federal Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) funding and other federal social services funding in states that include this funding in the pool of money available for pre-K. Depending on state regulations, funding may support children at age 3 in addition to age 4 and may reflect either full-day or half-day programming. From the National Institute for Early Education Research's annual yearbook on preschool programs.

130548078179944302189808021171544870157591897
00000
$130,548,078
$179,944,302
$189,808,021
$171,544,870
$157,591,897
About
IDEA Section 619 Preschool Program Enrollment

Total number of students receiving special education services under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Section 619 special education preschool grants for children ages 3 through 5 in state. From U.S. Department of Education Data Accountability Center Child Count.

281452949630186310720
00000
28,145
29,496
30,186
31,072
About
IDEA Section 619 Preschool Program Funding

Total federal funding received by state for Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Section 619 special education preschool grants for children ages 3 through 5. From U.S. Department of Education Budget Tables.

137493421374933413749334137237200
00000
$13,749,342
$13,749,334
$13,749,334
$13,723,720
About
IDEA Section 619 Preschool Program Stimulus Funding

Total federal funding received by state for Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Section 619 special education preschool grants for children ages 3 through 5 from the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Though funds were available in fiscal years 2009, 2010, and 2011, they were first released in 2009. From U.S. Department of Education Budget Tables.

014495034000
00000
$14,495,034
About
Head Start Enrollment

Funded enrollment of children ages 3 through 5 in Head Start programs in the state. From U.S. Office of Head Start.

00321593288332828
00000
32,159
32,883
32,828
About
Head Start Funding

Total federal funding for Head Start programs in the state (not including Early Head Start). From U.S. Office of Head Start.

00211509848219189953220026128
00000
$211,509,848
$219,189,953
$220,026,128
Demographics2008 - 201220082009201020112012
About
Total Students

Total Students: Number of students enrolled in public education in the state. From the Common Core of Data at the National Center for Education Statistics.

1,794,629
1,775,029
1,773,141
1,793,284
About
Student Census Poverty Rate
National average

Student Poverty Rate: The student poverty rate reflects the number of children in a state ages 5 to 17 living beneath the Census Bureau's poverty line. In , the poverty income threshold for a family of four was $19,157. From the U.S. Census Bureau Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates.

0.1510.1540.17500
0.1320.1820.19800
15.1%
13.2%
15.4%
18.2%
17.5%
19.8%
About
Free and Reduced Price Lunch Enrollment

Free and Reduced Priced Lunch Enrollment: Free and reduced price lunch enrollment reflects the number of students in the state who are certified to receive free or reduced price lunches based on their family incomes or participation in Food Stamp or Temporary Assistance for Needy Families programs. From the Common Core of Data at the National Center for Education Statistics.

0.3122561820.33309310.3740.38290
0.4100173150.4412749840.460.480
31.2%
41.0%
33.3%
44.1%
37.4%
46.0%
38.3%
48.0%
About
English Language Learner

English Language Learner: English Language Learner data reflect the number of children in a state who qualify as Limited English Proficient according to state law. From the Common Core of Data at the National Center for Education Statistics.

0.0258304080.0258981680.0260.02620
0.051591020.0874656690.0950.05970
2.6%
5.2%
2.6%
8.7%
2.6%
9.5%
2.6%
6.0%
About
Special Education Participation

Special Education Participation: Special Education Participation reflects the number of children in a state who have Individualized Education Plans under IDEA law. From the Common Core of Data at the National Center for Education Statistics.

0.1637469360.16621020.1660.16450
0.1328908490.1276828260.1320.13070
16.4%
13.3%
16.6%
12.8%
16.6%
13.2%
16.4%
13.1%
About
White Students

White, Non-Hispanic Students: Number of students enrolled in public education in the state that are categorized as white. From the Common Core of Data at the National Center for Education Statistics.

0.73909090.72963710.7270.71160
0.5444155880.5370262580.5310.51860
73.9%
54.4%
73.0%
53.7%
72.7%
53.1%
71.2%
51.9%
About
African American Students

African American, Non-Hispanic Students: Number of students enrolled in public education in the state that are categorized as African American. From the Common Core of Data at the National Center for Education Statistics.

0.15892920.15628140.1570.15670
0.1663047310.1658705550.1650.15840
15.9%
16.6%
15.6%
16.6%
15.7%
16.5%
15.7%
15.8%
About
American Indian Students

American Indian or Alaska Native, Non-Hispanic Students: Number of students enrolled in public education in the state that are categorized as American Indian. From the Common Core of Data at the National Center for Education Statistics.

0.00161590.0016360.0020.00160
0.0118094220.0117737060.0120.01130
0.2%
1.2%
0.2%
1.2%
0.2%
1.2%
0.2%
1.1%
About
Asian Students

Asian, Non-Hispanic Students: Number of students enrolled in public education in the state that are categorized as Asian. From the Common Core of Data at the National Center for Education Statistics.

0.02769710.02903160.0310.03170
0.0472437030.048686550.050.04920
2.8%
4.7%
2.9%
4.9%
3.1%
5.0%
3.2%
4.9%
About
Hispanic Students

Hispanic Students: Number of students enrolled in public education in the state that are categorized as Hispanic. From the Common Core of Data at the National Center for Education Statistics.

0.07198150.07479430.0790.08320
0.2167808840.2202083910.2270.23760
7.2%
21.7%
7.5%
22.0%
7.9%
22.7%
8.3%
23.8%
About
Minority Students

Minority Students: Number of students in the state categorized as a race or ethnicity that is not white. From the Common Core of Data at the National Center for Education Statistics.

0.26022370.26174330.2680.27330
0.4421387390.4465392020.4530.45650
26.0%
44.2%
26.2%
44.7%
26.8%
45.3%
27.3%
45.6%
Achievement2008 - 201220082009201020112012
About
4th Grade Reading: State NAEP Performance
National average

NAEP Achievement: The percent of students scoring proficient or above according to the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), a set of proficiency standards for each grade. This test is administered to a representative sample of students in each state. From the National Center for Education Statistics.

00.3700.410
00.3300.320
37%
33%
41%
32%
About
4th Grade Math: State NAEP Performance

NAEP Achievement: The percent of students scoring proficient or above according to the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), a set of proficiency standards for each grade. This test is administered to a representative sample of students in each state. From the National Center for Education Statistics.

00.4600.480
00.3900.390
46%
39%
48%
39%
About
8th Grade Reading: State NAEP Performance

NAEP Achievement: The percent of students scoring proficient or above according to the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), a set of proficiency standards for each grade. This test is administered to a representative sample of students in each state. From the National Center for Education Statistics.

00.400.380
00.3200.320
40%
32%
38%
32%
About
8th Grade Math: State NAEP Performance

NAEP Achievement: The percent of students scoring proficient or above according to the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), a set of proficiency standards for each grade. This test is administered to a representative sample of students in each state. From the National Center for Education Statistics.

00.400.380
00.3400.340
40%
34%
38%
34%
About
4th Grade Reading: State NCLB

NCLB Achievement: The percent of 4th graders scoring proficient or above in reading according to state-defined proficiency standards for each grade. States use these standards for No Child Left Behind accountability purposes. From the state Department of Education or Public Instruction.

0.6960.7190.720.720
00000
69.6%
71.9%
72.0%
72.0%
About
4th Grade Math: State NCLB

NCLB Achievement: The percent of 4th graders scoring proficient or above in math according to state-defined proficiency standards for each grade. States use these standards for No Child Left Behind accountability purposes. From the state Department of Education or Public Instruction.

0.7870.810.810.840
00000
78.7%
81.0%
81.0%
84.0%
About
8th Grade Reading: State NCLB

NCLB Achievement: The percent of 8th graders scoring proficient or above in reading according to state-defined proficiency standards for each grade. States use these standards for No Child Left Behind accountability purposes. From the state Department of Education or Public Instruction.

0.7740.7970.80.80
00000
77.4%
79.7%
80.0%
80.0%
About
8th Grade Math: State NCLB

NCLB Achievement: The percent of 8th graders scoring proficient or above in math according to state-defined proficiency standards for each grade. States use these standards for No Child Left Behind accountability purposes. From the state Department of Education or Public Instruction.

0.6950.7040.70.750
00000
69.5%
70.4%
70.0%
75.0%
About
High School Reading: District NCLB

NCLB Achievement: The percent of high schoolers scoring proficient or above in reading according to state-defined proficiency standards for each grade. States use these standards for No Child Left Behind accountability purposes. From the state Department of Education or Public Instruction.

0.6420.6450.640.680
00000
64.2%
64.5%
64.0%
68.0%
About
High School Math: District NCLB

NCLB Achievement: The percent of high schoolers scoring proficient or above in math according to state-defined proficiency standards for each grade. States use these standards for No Child Left Behind accountability purposes. From the state Department of Education or Public Instruction.

0.5540.550.550.590
00000
55.4%
55.0%
55.0%
59.0%
About
Nationally Defined Graduation Rate

Nationally Defined Graduation Rate: Four year freshman cohort graduation rate as calculated by the Department of Education.

0.8270.8050.84100
0.7470.755000
82.7%
74.7%
80.5%
75.5%
84.1%
About
State Defined Graduation Rate

State Defined Graduation Rate: High school graduation rate as calculated by the state. From the state Department of Education or Public Instruction.

0.90.890.90.910
00000
90.0%
89.0%
90.0%
91.0%
Adult Education2008 - 201220082009201020112012
About
Federal Adult Education Spending

Title II of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA), the Adult Education and Family Literacy Act, provides formula funds to each state to be used in providing adult education and literacy instruction to adults. Data from the Office of Vocational and Adult Education at the Department of Education.

20088226185873821863493300
00000
$20,088,226
$18,587,382
$18,634,933
About
State Adult Education Spending

States are required to provide matching dollars from state, local, or institutional sources that equal at least 25 percent of the state's total spending on adult education. Data from the Office of Vocational and Adult Education at the Department of Education.

28429407289817702680733900
00000
$28,429,407
$28,981,770
$26,807,339
About
Total Adult Education Enrollment

Total number of students enrolled in an adult education program funded under Title II of the Workforce Investment Act. Data from the Office of Vocational and Adult Education National Reporting System.

5099652795349753057724310
00000
50,996
52,795
34,975
30,577
24,310
About
Percent of Adult Education Students that are African American
National average

Percent of adult education students that identify as black or African American in the program year. Data from the Office of Vocational and Adult Education National Reporting System.

0.2787473530.2790983990.3033595430.2776596790.262155492
0.201050.220980.222750.223980.213
27.9%
20.1%
27.9%
22.1%
30.3%
22.3%
27.8%
22.4%
26.2%
21.3%
About
Percent of Adult Education Students that are Hispanic

Percent of adult education students that identify as Hispanic in the program year. Data from the Office of Vocational and Adult Education National Reporting System.

0.2126833480.2126148310.1961972840.1990711970.201110654
0.433550.40490.397540.389930.39544
21.3%
43.4%
21.3%
40.5%
19.6%
39.8%
19.9%
39.0%
20.1%
39.5%
About
Percent of Adult Education Students that are Ages 16-24

Percent of adult education students that are ages 16-24 in the program year. This measure combines the 16-18 and 19-24 age groups reported by states. Data from the Office of Vocational and Adult Education National Reporting System.

0.37157820.37096320.36789130.340650.3335664
0.363150.353140.344020.339710.33289
37.2%
36.3%
37.1%
35.3%
36.8%
34.4%
34.1%
34.0%
33.4%
33.3%
About
Percent of Adult Education Students Enrolled in ESL Program

Percent of adult education students that are enrolled in English-as-a-second-language programs in the program year. Other program types include adult basic education and adult secondary education. Data from the Office of Vocational and Adult Education National Reporting System.

0.27253120.26830190.23762690.28070120.2865487
0.4383870.4226180.417160.403350.400051
27.3%
43.8%
26.8%
42.3%
23.8%
41.7%
28.1%
40.3%
28.7%
40.0%